The Different Types of Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)

Sensory processing disorder, also known as sensory integration disorder or sensory integration dysfunction, is a neurological disorder dealing with the improper processing of environmental stimuli. Individuals with this disorder struggle to correctly absorb and react to sensory outputs such as light, sound, touch, and taste. Particular stimuli become very distressing, causing the individual to become visibly agitated or distraught.

The Three Types of SPD

Within an SPD diagnosis, there are several different categories.  The first, Type I, is sensory modulation disorder, in which an individual either over-responds or under-responds to sensory information. Children facing this disorder may appear frequently anxious, stubborn, or on edge. Type II, sensory based motor disorder, results in an individual exhibiting problems with motor planning. Finally, Type III, sensory discrimination disorder, shows as children who appear unfocused and disorganized.

The Impact on Speech

Often, these forms of SPD are connected to one or more speech and language disorders. When a child has trouble processing the world around him/her, it can result in a delay of speech acquisition since his/her brain is inundated with conflicting information. Disorders such as aphasia, or difficulty conveying spoken language, are common among people with SPD .

If you have noticed your child struggling with comprehending what is said to him/her or becomes extremely frustrated when not understood, s/he may be dealing with sensory processing disorder and could benefit from speech therapy. A qualified speech pathologist can hone in on how to bring your child’s language strengths to the forefront while working on the sensory challenges surrounding him.

Chicago Speech Therapy, LLC was founded by Karen George. Karen and her team of well-respected pediatric speech pathologists offer private, in-home one-on-one speech therapy sessions. Chicago Speech Therapy offers free, no obligation screenings.